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Iconofile: Icons and Sacred Art Iconofile: Icons and Sacred Art
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Natural Mineral Pigments: Jarosite

Inorganic Colors from Europe and Asia

Natural Mineral Pigments


Jarosite

Jarosite is a rare mineral of hydrous sulfate of iron and potash. We obtain our jarosite from Zhuravlinskogo in Perm, Russia. It is a light yellow ochre that is quite opaque, exhibits good covering power and works well in all paint.

Item No.

Pigment

Price

Qty

Buy

430:150100

Jarosite [100 g jar] (3.5 oz.)

$16.00

430:150500

Jarosite [500 g bag] (17.6 oz.)

$75.00


Pigment Information:
Jarosite

Color: Yellow Colour Index: Not Listed ASTM Lightfastness: Not Tested Density: 3.2 Hardness: 2.5-3.5 Chemical Formula: KFe3(SO4)2(OH)6

Jarosite, named after Barranco Jaroso in Spain, is a yellow ochre-colored mineral occurring in minute rhombohedral (actually a combination of two trigonal pyramids) crystals. Jarosite crystals are somewhat scarce and small. The mineral is more commonly encountered as earthy masses, films or crusts, botryoidal and granular. Jarosite is a hydrous sulfate of iron and potash. The color of the mineral is amber yellow, but sometimes brownish-yellow. It is formed during the weathering of sulfurous layers of iron ore. Jarosite is an uncommon mineral, yet it is present in small quantities in almost all layers containing iron sulfides. It is often associated with barite, turquoise, galena, goethite, limonite, hematite and other iron minerals.
Where Found: Notable occurrences of jarosite include the Jaroso ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Spain; Iron Arrow Mine, Colorado; and Maricopa County, California, U.S. In the former Soviet Union, deposits of jarosite are found in the Achi-Say layers of Kazakhstan and Zhuravlinskogo in the Perm region of Russia. We obtain our pigment from the Zhuravlinskogo deposits in Perm.
Pigment Characteristics: It is a light yellow ochre that is opaque, exhibits good covering power and works well in all paint.
History of Use: Previously not known as a historical pigment, jarosite was recently identified as the yellow pigment in the murals of the temples of Karnak, Egypt.
Permanence and Compatibility: The sulfate content of iron oxide pigments rarely exceeds one percent, yet in the mineral jarosite sulfides can be as much as 25 to 35% of its composition. Although sulfide pigments have been known to be unstable, a study by K. I. Tolstikhinoy [14] showed that jarosite is resistant to atmospheric gases, is lightfast and possess good hiding power.
Oil Absorption and Grinding: Jarosite absorbs a moderate amount of oil during dispersion and forms a good flexible film.
Toxicity: Jarosite is not considered toxic but care should be used in handling the dry powder pigment so as not to inhale the dust.

Read cautions about handling pigments

 

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